The Rush-Bagot Treaty

April 28, 1818: The Rush-Bagot Treaty

The Rush-Bagot Treaty demilitarized Lake Champlain

The Rush-Bagot Treaty demilitarized Lake Champlain and the Great Lakes

On April 28, 1817, Acting United States Secretary of State Richard Rush and the British Minister to Washington Sir Charles Bagot signed and exchanged letters that became the Rush-Bagot Agreement or Treaty, which demilitarized Lake Champlain and the Great Lakes.


Rush-Bagot Treaty plaque

Rush-Bagot Treaty plaque


The agreement  provided for demilitarization of the lakes along the international boundary, where many British naval arrangements and forts remained. The treaty stipulated that the United States and British North America could each keep one military vessel (of no more than 100 tons) as well as one cannon (no more than eighteen pounds) on Lake Ontario and Lake Champlain. It later extended this to the other Great Lakes and to the entire Canadian border.

The USA and Canada have worked well together at cleaning up the lakes and keeping them demilitarized. The US Coast Guard now has bigger guns, but Canada looks the other way. According to Wikipedia, “The Canadian government decided that the armament did not violate the treaty, as the guns were to be used for law enforcement rather than military activities. Canada reserved the right to arm its law enforcement vessels with similar weapons.”

Click here to learn more about The Rush-Bagot Treaty

Guns Over The Champlain Valley:
A Guide To Historic Military Sites And Battlefields
Author: Coffin, Howard

The Champlain Valley is one of the most historically rich regions of the country. Fort Ticonderoga, Saratoga, Fort William Henry, Crown Point, Plattsburgh, Bennington and Valcour Island all lie along the ancient warpath that is the Champlain Corridor.
In this lively and informative new travel guide to historic places and events, the author leads you to each venue, describing the events and their long-lasting impact.  Adventure awaits you with Guns over the Champlain Valley.
Order Today


More About Lake Champlain History:

Be Tick Smart

be tick smart logo


With the return of warmer weather you’ll want to spend more time enjoying the outdoors. More time outside though, can mean an increased chance of contact with an unwelcome resident of the Lake Champlain Basin – ticks.

Aside from being unpleasant, ticks are dangerous due to the diseases that they can transmit. Lyme disease is among the more dangerous of tick-borne diseases. Because tick are most active during warm months, tick-borne illnesses are most often transmitted from early spring to late fall.

There are six tick species known to bite humans in the Lake Champlain region, and five can transmit diseases. But nearly all tick-borne diseases reported are caused by the blacklegged tick, also known as the deer tick.


Be Tick Smart Blacklegged tick

Blacklegged tick or Deer tick (Ixodes scapularis)
Transmits: Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, Powassan virus disease, and Borrelia miyamotoi disease.



4 Tips to be Tick Smart

Here are four recommendations to make you tick smart and decrease your risk of infection.


    • Duration™ Permethrin 0.5% RTU

      Use an EPA-approved tick repellent on skin.

    • Apply permethrin to clothing.
    • Wear light-colored pants and long sleeves.


  • Check daily for ticks on yourself, your children and pets.
  • Shower soon after spending time outdoors.


Be Tick Smart - How to Remove a Tick

How to Remove a Tick
Click Image

  • Use tweezers to remove tick, do not scrape it off.
  • Wash hands and bite area with soap and water.
  • Put clothing in dryer on high heat setting for 10 minutes.


  • Watch for symptoms of tick-borne diseases (fever, muscle aches, fatigue and joint pain).
  • About 70% of people with Lyme disease develop a rash.
  • If you display any of these symptoms, contact your health care provider.


* Avoid folklore remedies such as “painting” the tick with nail polish or petroleum jelly, or using heat to make the tick detach from the skin. Your goal is to remove the tick as quickly as possible–not wait for it to detach.


Fish Stocking Underway Across Vermont

Fish Stocking Underway Across Vermont

Vermont Fish & Wildlife to stock 1.2 million fish in 2017

Fish Stocking Underway Across VermontVermont Fish & Wildlife has begun fish stocking across the state. This effort will ultimately result in over 1 million fish being distributed into Vermont waters in 2017.

“While we did some pond and lake stocking earlier in April, our stream and river stocking work is beginning this week and will be in full swing for the month of May,” said Adam Miller, fish culture operations manager with Vermont Fish & Wildlife. “Our stocking efforts, which are supported by our fish culture program, are designed to help maintain and restore fisheries, while also increasing recreational angling opportunities.”

The Department’s fish stocking work includes strategic distribution of brook, brown, lake, rainbow and steelhead rainbow trout, as well as landlocked Atlantic salmon and walleye.

A popular part of the stocking program is the trophy trout initiative, which stocks large, 2-year-old brook, brown and rainbow trout in lakes, ponds and rivers throughout Vermont.

“Nearly 15,000 trophy trout will be stocked this year, and anglers will be able to fish almost 21 miles of rivers and 16 lakes and ponds that are designated as trophy water,” Miller said.

The following streams will be stocked with trophy trout between now and mid-May:

Black River Otter Creek
East Creek Passumpsic River
Lamoille River Walloomsac River
Missisquoi River Winooski River

Stocking of trophy trout in the following lakes and ponds is also in progress:

Amherst Lake Lake Rescue
Black Pond Lake Shaftsbury
Echo Lake McIntosh Pond
Holland Pond Mill Pond
Kent Pond Miller Pond
Knapp Pond No. 1 Smith Pond
Lake Paran Stoughton Pond
Lake Raponda Sunset Lake

For a complete 2017 stocking schedule, to purchase a fishing license, or for more information on fishing in Vermont, visit

Other Lake Champlain Fishing Articles:

Schuyler Island – Lake Champlain Islands

Schuyler Island

Schuyler Island

Schuyler Island, also known as Schuyler’s Island or Whitney Island, is part of the Town of Chesterfield in Essex County, New York. It’s located between Port Kent, New York and Willsboro Bay, across the lake from Burlington, Vermont.

Schuyler Island is a 161-acre uninhabited island, managed as part of Adirondack Park, with several unimproved campsites available. It is part of the Lake Champlain Islands Management Complex (LCIMC) – owned and operated by New York State.


Schuyler Island - Lake Champlain Islands

Schuyler Island


On October 11, 1776 after the Battle of Valcour during the American Revolutionary War, the battered fleet of American General Benedict Arnold used Schuyler Island to regroup and attempt repairs. Two small ships of the fleet were beyond repair and were scuttled near the island at that time.


Schuyler Island - Lake Champlain Islands

Schuyler Island pebble beach

The island passed through a series of private owners until the  mid 20th century, occasionally being used for farming. During this time the island became alternately known as “Whitney Island” in reference to the Whitney family, who owned the island from 1891 to 1950. In 1967 the island was sold to New York State,


Other Notes:

Schuyler Island

Although the shoreline around Schuyler Island is ringed by a forest of white pine, hemlock, and birch, the center of the island is an open meadow, with patches of marshy wetland and large stands of ferns.

Beware that the island also has poison ivy.

Other Articles About Lake Champlain Islands:   List of Lake Champlain's Islands


Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area

Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area

Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area signMontys Bay WMA is located on Lake Champlain’s western shore in Beekmantown, New York. This WMA contains two parcels of land acquired in 1966 with funding provided by the Park and Recreational Land Acquisitional Bond Act of 1960 and the Environmental Bond Act of 1972.



Montys Bay WMA totals 318 acres in those two parcels. One piece includes a hardwood swamp at the south end of Montys Bay; the other features wetlands and agricultural uplands bordering Riley Brook.

On the parcel east of the Lake Shore Road, is an old-growth silver maple-ash swamp. It covers most of the edges of Point Au Roche swamp, like a horseshoe that grades into shrub swamp and emergent marsh at the south end of Montys Bay. Access to the marsh is from the western right of way – off Harmony Lane – by using the parking area. A short 500 yard foot trail leads to the stand of trees.

Black Duck at Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area

Black duck

Entering the flood plain you’ll notice massive cottonwoods, oaks, and silver maple; this is probably one of the oldest forest stands along Lake Champlain. This old growth forest provides hollow nesting cavities for tree nesting species like wood ducks and songbirds. Hollow trees used for winter dens by raccoons, squirrels and other animals.

The wildlife management area west of the Lake Shore Road hosts an active agricultural field. Every five years, farmers bid on the rights to the 110 acres of prime farmland to plant crops needed in the local dairy industry. Lessees must observe basic requirements or restrictions for good farm practices that are not in conflict with wildlife management for the Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area plan.


Fish and Wildlife

The shallow waters of Montys Bay offer fishing opportunities for yellow perch, sunfish, largemouth bass, bowfin, northern pike, pickerel, and bullhead. The foot trail from the parking area at the end of Harmony Lane provides access to Lake Champlain for fishing from shore, or for ice fishing.



Seasonal migrations of waterfowl delight wildlife observers. Spring rains and high lake water from winter’s thaw fills troughs and potholes in the area’s grain fields attracting many varieties of puddle ducks and other migratory birds. In fall, these fields are stop-overs for flocks of Canada and snow geese as they make their long journey south from their northern breeding grounds.

Snow geese at Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area

Snow geese at Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area


Montys Bay WMA operates year-round for the primary purposes of wildlife management, wildlife habitat management, and wildlife-dependent recreation. New York State DEC Division of Fish and Wildlife manages Montys Bay WMA for wildlife conservation and wildlife-associated recreation (hunting, trapping, wildlife viewing/photography).

The following activities are not permitted in Montys Bay WMA:

  • Unless specifically stated, using motorized vehicles, including:
    • all-terrain vehicles
    • snowmobiles
    • motorboats
  • Swimming or bathing
  • Camping
  • Using metal detectors, searching for or removing historic or cultural artifacts without a permit
  • Damaging or removing gates, fences, signs or other property
  • Overnight storage of boats
  • Cutting, removing or damaging living vegetation
  • Construction of permanent blinds or other structures such as tree stands
  • Littering
  • Storage of personal property



Ticks are active at temperatures above freezing, but especially so in the late spring and early fall. Deer ticks can transmit Lyme and several other diseases.

Also, practice ‘Leave No Trace’ principles when using state land. Enjoy the outdoors responsibly and reduce the impact on the natural resources.



Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area map

Montys Bay Wildlife Management Area map
(Click map to Enlarge)

Take Exit 40 of the Adirondack Northway (I-87). Turn east on Spellman Road; follow Spellman Road east 0.5 mile to State Route 9. Turn right on State Route 9 and take Route 9 south for 0.4 miles to Point Au Roche Road. Turn left on Point Au Roche Road (County Route 22) and follow Point Au Roche Road 1.7 miles east to Lake Shore Road. Turn left on Lake Shore Road.

  • To access the agricultural lands and surrounding forested swamplands: Take Lake Shore Road north for 1.6 miles to a parking area on the left side of the road
  • To access the shore of Lake Champlain and the silver maple swamp: Take Lake Shore Road north for 0.2 miles and turn right on Cemetery Road. Take Cemetery Road 1.7 miles to Dickinson Point Road, then take Dickson Point Road north for 1.7 miles to Harmony Lane. Turn left on Harmony Lane. The parking area is on the left 0.1 mile, just pass the 90° turn in the road.

Please note: Harmony Lane is a private road, please do not park on the road. 



Other Articles on Lake Champlain Valley WMA's: